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      1. 甘肅政法學院學報

        2004, (03) 64-68

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        環境影響評價制度中的公眾參與
        Citizen Participation in the System of Appraisal On Environmental Impact

        周珂,王小龍

        摘要:

        環境影響評價制度是一項重要的環境法律制度 ,公眾參與是環境影響評價程序的關鍵。公眾參與能保證決策的民主和科學 ,保障決策的行之有效。我國的《環境影響評價法》對公眾參與的主體、對象、范圍、方式所做的規定還不能令人滿意。借鑒西方國家和港臺地區立法的先進經驗 ,我們應當通過使法律具有可操作性、協調好國家干預和公眾參與、賦予公眾提起環境訴訟的權利、加強公眾宣傳、保證信息透明等方式對其加以完善。

        關鍵詞: 環境影響評價制度;公眾參與;完善

        Abstract: The system of appraisal on environmental impact is an important environmental legal system. The citizen's participation is the key to appraising the procedure in environmental impact. The citizen's participation can guarantee democratic and scientific decisions and ensure the effectiveness of policies. The law of valuation of environmental impact in China is not satisfactory yet concerning the subject,object,range and method of citizen's participation. Using the advanced experience of legislation in western countries and Hong Kong and Taiwan for reference,we should perfect it through adopting the laws which can be operated;coordinating state intervening and citizen's participation,endowing citizen the right of the environmental lawsuits,strengthening public propaganda,guaranteeing clarity of information.

        Keywords: system of appraisal on environmental impact;citizen's participation;perfect

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