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      1. 甘肅政法學院學報

        2007, No.93(04) 22-29

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        本期目錄 | 過刊瀏覽 | 高級檢索

        物權法中的應收賬款質押制度解析
        Interpretation of the Pledge on Accounts Receivable in Property Law

        劉保玉;孫超;

        摘要:

        應收賬款質押性質上屬于一種金錢債權質押,具有自身的明顯特點,其與應收賬款的轉讓、保理在制度構造、法律效果上也均有差異,不應混同!段餀喾ā分忻鞔_規定應收賬款質押制度,有利于解決中小企業融資難的問題。應收賬款質押中的商業風險之規避和消解,主要應倚賴于信貸機構的風險管理能力以及對客戶的信用評估和資金流動的監控能力,法律不必也不應過多干預;而其法律風險則主要應通過公示制度加以規制和解決。在應收賬款質權的設立上,交付債權證書和通知第三債務人的傳統方式不足以達到公示的要求,應改采登記的公示方式;《物權法》中選擇信貸征信機構作為應收賬款質押的登記機關的方案,具有現實可行性,并有利于通過銀行信貸登記咨詢系統逐步推進與國際接軌的電子登記制。

        關鍵詞: 應收賬款;應收賬款質押;權利質權;物權法

        Abstract: The pledge of accounts receivable belongs to a kind of pledge of general money obligatory right.Compared to the assignment of accounts receivable and the factoring,it has its own character.They are different in the systematic construction and legal effects and can not be confused.Law of Property prescribes clearly that pledge of accounts receivable system is beneficial to solving the financing difficulties of middle and small enterprises.The law should not interfere too much on how to inhibit and eliminate the business risk.However,the legal risk can be inhibited and eliminated by the means of publication.The two traditional means of delivering the certificate of obligatory pledge of account receivables right and informing the third debtors can not come to the request of property publication on how to enact the pledge.It should adopt the means of registration.Credit information agency has been chosen to registration institution in property law and this formula is feasible.It helps achieve the electronic registration which actualizes the connection with international trend through Credit Register System.

        Keywords: accounts receivable;pledge of accounts receivable;pledge of rights;property law

        基金項目: 司法部部級研究項目《我國物權立法難點問題研究》(項目編號:03SFB3010)的階段性研究成果

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