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      1. 甘肅政法學院學報

        2008, No.96(01) 8-14

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        本期目錄 | 過刊瀏覽 | 高級檢索

        家事審判制:家事訴訟程序與家事法庭
        The Institution of Family Justice:Family Proceeding Independently and Family Courts

        蔣月;

        摘要:

        家事案件因其高度人身屬性而不同于普通民事爭議,當事人相互之間的關系既具有終身性又可變的兩面性,彼此利益既統一又分離;雙方的自由合意和處分權受到較大限制。為更好地適應家事爭議當事人的特殊利益需要,應對家事案件數量持續增長,促進家事爭議處理質量的提高,我國宜借鑒德國、日本、英國等國司法改革經驗,制定獨立的家事訴訟程序,在法院設立專職審理家事案件的家事法庭乃至家庭法院,配備擅長于調處家事糾紛的法官及專職輔助人員,盡快構建家事審判制度。宜把司法裁判定位為解決家事爭議的最后手段;鼓勵當事人利用和解等多元化途徑解決家事爭議,化解家庭矛盾和沖突,提高家事爭議解決的司法效率和社會綜合效果。

        關鍵詞: 家事案件;家事訴訟程序;專門法庭;家事法官

        Abstract: Family Cases with strong personality and right of dispose limited are much different from other kinds of civil cases.Parties' relationships each other seem fixed but changing,their benefit looks combined together closely but independently.Considering the nature and characteristic of family disputes,and to satisfy with continual growth of family disputes,independent family judicial proceeding that would improve judicial result and social effect should be introduced into China by learning from successful legal practice from German,UK and Japan.It could be better that there will establish a family judicial of justice for which a independent court for family cases only should be introduced into People's Court where a professional family judge works as soon as possible.Judicial action for a family disputes seems to be the last method Parties would be encouraged to settle their family disputes based on mediation or negotiation and other effective method to make judicial effect and social effect of family disputed settlement more better.

        Keywords: family disputes;separate family proceeding;independent court;family judges

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